DIY USB to DMX converter

DMX or DMX512 is short for Digital MultipleX(the number 512 represents the max number of channels), a communication protocol mainly made for lighting controls. It was introduced  in 1990’s and was developed by Engineering Commission of United States Institute for Theatre Technology (USITT). On that time, DMX512 is so expensive to design and implement. Only today with the advancement of technology, anyone can now develop their own DMX512 device.

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DMX controlled LED using Microcontroller

With the use of microcontrollers, designing a DMX512 controlled led lights is now easier. DMX512 stands for Digital Multiplex which was developed by  Engineering Commission of United States Institute for Theatre Technology (USITT) way back in 1990’s. Way back in 90’s era, it takes hardwork to design a DMX controlled lights.

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Piano lesson 2 – Piano chords

In the first lesson, we learned the keys of the piano. On this lesson we will now learn the basic chords on a piano. There are 12 basic chords(also known as “triads” because it is composed of 3 notes) in a piano. Chords in piano are the same as in guitar. All chords of guitar has its own corresponding chords in piano. So if you already know how to play guitar then it will be easier for you to understand and learn this lesson. Below are the basic Majorchords of a piano. Don’t be confused with the chords with “/”, for example A#/Bb means that A# and Bb are just the same. You can use A# in replacement to Bb and vice versa.

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Piano lesson 1 – familiarization of keys

There are 12 main notes of piano. These are A, A#/Bb, B, C, C#/Db, D, D#/Eb, E, F, F#/Gb, G, G#/Ab .

Note that there are notes that are the same; A# and Bb are the same, C# and Db are also the same, likewise D# and Eb, F# and Gb, and G# and Ab are also the same. This can be explained by understanding the meaning of sharp(#) and flat(b). Continue reading “Piano lesson 1 – familiarization of keys”